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Breast Reduction Surgery: decrease breast size and ease discomfort

Published:2010-04-13   Views:144  From:Peking University Third Hospital

Excerpt:All women are desperate to have perfect breasts. The excessively large breasts are not only beautiful, but also bad for health. Breast reduction surgery (reduction mammaplasty) is the first solution ...

All women are desperate to have perfect breasts. The excessively large breasts are not only beautiful, but also bad for health. Breast reduction surgery (reduction mammaplasty) is the first solution. Its incision is hidden and effect naturally beautiful.

Overly large breasts, disproportioned to the whole body and often seen on adolescent and post-breastfeeding women, are called hypertrophy of breast or mastoplastia (in most cases two sides). The surgery that cuts off the excessive mammary glands and skin, decrease the volume of breast and restore to the normal shape is called breast reduction surgery.

The reason why mammary tissue and fat tissue grow out of control is still unknown in pathology. It might be the extraordinary sensitivity of mammary tissue to estrogen or other endocrine hormones that promote its growth. Some patients are genetically inherited.

Generally speaking, breast hypertrophy in mild level and moderate level don’t have any discomfort or obvious symptoms. However, for a severe case, the breasts are heavy and soggy; constant back and neck pain, deteriorating posture, spine deformity, cervical arthritis and lower breast erosion or secondary infection caused by sweating and friction rank among the common complaints of women with large breasts.

The therapeutic result of breast reduction surgery is often gratifying. As long as they are mature and don’t have any major diseases, women with large breast in all levels, are suitable to have breast reduction surgery.

The surgery is usually done under general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia. The basic procedures include resection of surplus mammary gland and skin, displacement of nipples and areolae and reconstruction of breast shape. For mild level patients, the surgery includes partial resection of circularly areolar skin and liposuction of breast subcutaneous fat; for moderate and severe patients, the surgery partial resection of mammary gland and displacement of nipples and areolae with pedicle skin flap; for cases severer than the above, the plastic surgeon has to remove a big portion of breasts and do nipple and areolae free grafting.

Patients who have been operated on usually need to stay in the hospital for two weeks. Routine physical examination, laboratory examination and exclusion of major diseases in both sides are required before the surgery.

The stitches will be taken out one week after the surgery. Patients should wear a bra of appropriate size after it. Most patients can go back to work and normal lives within two or three weeks.

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